Summary– There is set of procedures designed through which one can get into the core of the research are produce results. Research onion helps in systematic study of the methods involved in executing a research to its success.
Research onion is used to understand the process of research that is used by the researcher. There are some layers in the research onion which are used in conducting the study for the dissertation or thesis. The main layers are:
It is an idea or a belief about the collecting, interpreting and analysing the data acquired. There are different research philosophies explained in a research onion. Some of the most significant ones are humanistic and Structural, radical humanistic, Interpretative, Functionalist, Pragmatic, Subjectivist, Objectivist, Interpretative, Realism and Positivism.
This is the second last layer of the Saunders research onion. There are 4 types of research approaches- deductive, inductive, quantitative and qualitative. In deductive approach the theory and hypothesis are first checked, moving further to specific result. In inductive approach, specific observations reach more generalizations leading to the formation of theories. Quantitative focuses on numbers and their frequencies and are subject to strict and rigorous analysis. Qualitative approachrather works mainly on data collection to describe factors than just inference statistically.
There are different strategies the researcher needs to choose for a particular work. Different kinds of strategies are adopted depending on what is asked in the assignment. It could be archival research, ethnography, grounded theory, case study, action research, survey, and experiment.
Methods and techniques used in data collection
Then there is data collection from among the sample selected and studied. The systematic collection and data and its adequate analysis answers the research question. The validity and reliability of the research gets directly applied to data measurement. Two types of data are there- primary and secondary.
So, what is the significance of research onion? Researchonion happens to be a generic research process that helps in the analysis and depiction of issues that underpins the selection of research methods and data collection.
The significance of the research onion is an approach to peel away outer layers of the research and arrive at the core. A disciplined step-wise method is required to be followed in order to reach the core. Many students think about the research method right in the beginning, like using the questionnaire to conduct interviews. But, by Saunders research onion, research methodology is to be followed later in order to arrive at the core.
This is the first and most crucial step, which refers to knowledge formation and the character of this knowledge which gets developed. Research philosophy highly impacts research strategy, which determines the manner you influence your research strategy and refers to the method or plan you adopt in your research.
While research philosophy implies about the way you view the world, research strategy is the method through which you execute your views. As scholars, it is very important for you to understand the manner of commitment to the research philosophy you undertake, which impacts your scrutiny.
Then of course there are various other factors that together culminate into making a whole research worthwhile. Using the elements of a researchonion and performing methodological research can help you achieve the best results and accomplish the purpose of your research much easily and conveniently.