Summary– Academic writing follows certain strict rules and guidelines in its writing. Those who write the academic writing in its professional tones need to apply the following formal approach in writing.
As an author, you are responsible of engaging the reader into the research work you have worked on. There are basically two styles of writing dissertation, thesis, essays, assignments, project reports etc. These are formal approach and informal approach of writing.
Formal approach is one where the writing style is complex, objective, without abbreviations and using third person. Informal writing, on the other hand, is colloquial, simple, using abbreviations and introducing emotions in the academic writing.
Formal writing needs to be clear and unambiguous
There are usually very strict rules applied in formal approach, though it would often remain unstated. It is absolutely opposite to the informal letters or emails you send to your friends and family. Formally writing academic projects need the writing to be unambiguous, clear, well structured and literal.
Academic writing should not be colloquial
In formal writing, you should not write just as you speak. In a formal approach of academic writing, your writing should be able to stand on its propositions and something which uses only the author’s words to convey the dissertation or thesis clearly. There is a substantial effort which needs to be placed in constructing sentences, arguments and paragraphs which are meaningful and relevant to the thesis which is defined well.
Introduction and conclusion should always be included
There should be a clear space for introduction and conclusion in academic writing. Your main topic should be clearly evident in the thesis where the introduction and the conclusion clearly address the issue maintaining coherence throughout the work. For short reports or essays, the conclusion should sum up the introductory paragraph, while for bigger ones, the conclusion is the introductory section’s summary.
Introduce, work/expand on the main point(s), and conclude
There is a universal general rule for dealing with sections, sub-sections, paragraphs as well as chapters. You would first need to place the topic clearly, expand on the initial placement and then ultimately sum up the findings. You need to tie up all the sub-points that you place forward in the written piece by covering all the relevant resources and relating them clearly to the points you state. These points should be able to add up and establish the points you promised.
Write relevant information only
Each and every document has to be relevant clearly with your thesis. Have a habit of writing other papers separately later for anything you feel you need to say. Similarly, it is not needed to simply write down things because they have a relation with the main topic. If you have to bring up something, make sure you have something important to say about it.
Write everything related to main topic
You have to make sure that everything you write in your dissertation has relation to your main topic. If there is something more you want to say, you may leave that for your next assignment and choose the topic such that your expression makes sense. Academic readers are all learned individuals and want to read only about the main topic. Hence, keeping a relevance of the topic is very essential.
There are various other aspects of academic writing that also needs to be taken care of in maintaining the formal; approach. However, taking care of the above mentioned aspects would certainly help in bringing a professional academic tone to the writing.